A buffer zone is an area that should enhance protection of a conservation area. In much of Indonesia, buffer zones are occupied by settlements (sometimes illegal), plantations and community gardens and orchards. Wildlife moves freely between the forest and buffer zone, for many reasons, not least because of increasing pressure to find food, space and conspecifics. The buffer zone in and around our local communities, adjacent to the Gunung Leuser National Park, is the site of increasing human-wildlife conflict. In reality there is no actual buffer zone, with these human-wildlife conflict activities, such as traps and snares, occurring right up to the boundary markers of the forest.